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Farm animal surgery [2nd Ed.]

FUBINI, S.L. ; DUCHARME, N.G.

W.B. Saunders Company

2016

674 p.

9780323316668

eC-01-00-05

CHIRURGIE ; BOVIN ; VEAU ; OVIN ; CAPRIN ; PORC ; RUMINANT

I. General Considerations to All Species
1 Examination of the Surgical Patient
Examination of Adult Cattle
Physical Examination
Diagnostic Procedures
Rumen-Fluid Analysis
Ororumen Tube
Abdominocentesis
Laboratory Work
Abdominal Ultrasonography
Disorders Causing Abdominal Distention in Cattle
Vagus Indigestion
I - Failure of Eructation
II - Failure of Omasal Transport
III-Failure of Abomasal Outflow
Other Causes of Ruminal Distention
Froth Accumulation in the Rumen
Rumen Acidosis
Abomasal Ulcers
Disorders that Cause Tympanitic Resonance (Pings) in Cattle
Left-Sided Pings
Left Displacement of the Abomasum
Rumen-Void Ping
Pneumoperitoneum
Right-Sided Pings
Right Displacement and/or Volvulus of the Abomasum
Cecal Dilatation and/or Volvulus
Distention of the Proximal Colon
Pneumorectum
Distention of the Small Intestine
Physometra
Ventral Sac of Rumen
Examination of the Calf
Examination of the Small Ruminant
Color of the Conjunctiva and Sclera
Body-Condition Scoring
Further Examination of the Eyes
Teeth
Lymph Node Examination
Lameness
Respiratory Examination
Examination of the Abdomen
Evaluation of the Urinary Tract
Examination of the Udder and Scrotum
Recommended Readings
Examination of the Surgical Patient (Pig)
General Considerations
Safety, Handling, and Restraint
Vital Signs
General Appearance
Skin
Head, Eyes, Ears, Nose, Mouth, Throat, and Neck
Cardiovascular
Respiratory
Gastrointestinal
Mammary
Musculoskeletal
Nervous
Reproductive
Urinary
Hemolymphatic
Ancillary Diagnostics
Intravenous Catheterization
Recommended Readings
2 Diagnostic Imaging
Radiography
Ultrasound
Nuclear Medicine, CT, and MRI
Recommended Readings
3 Presurgical Considerations
Preoperative Preparation
Evaluation of the Patient
Decision Making
Patient Positioning
Preparation of the Surgery Site
Preparation of the Surgeon
Draping the Surgical Field
Prevention of Peritonitis and Surgical Infection
Precontamination
Contamination
Recommended Readings
Surgical Considerations
Perioperative Antimicrobials and Analgesics
Perioperative Analgesics
Recommended Readings
Facilities and Restraining Devices
Introduction
Animal Behavior
Knots
Square Knot
Quick-Release Slip Knot
Bowline Knot
Restraint of Cattle
Moving Cattle
Getting a Cow to Stand
Moving Animals by Halter
Moving Animals through Chutes
Head Restraint
Halters
Nose Tongs
Head Gates
Kicking
Hobbles
Flanking
Tailing
Tail Ties
Surgical Position
Surgical Tables
Casting
Foot Restraint
Hind Feet
Front Feet
Restraint of Small Ruminants
Moving Small Ruminants
Head Restraint
Surgical Positioning
Restraint of Swine
Moving Swine
Head RestraintƒSnare
Surgical Positioning
Body Restraint
Crates or Chutes
Barrier
Recommended Readings
Downer Cows: Case Management and Appropriate Use of a Floating Tank
Occurrence and Etiology
Definition of a Downer Cow
Pathophysiology of a Downer Cow
Assessment of a Downer Cow
History
Age of the Animal
Calving
Trauma
Behavior While Being Recumbent
Treatment History and Response
Physical Examination
Musculoskeletal Examination and Conditions
Pelvic Limb
Thoracic Limb
Vertebral Column
Other Areas of Concern
Nonfatal Musculoskeletal Conditions on a Downer Cow
Muscular Damage
Peroneus Tertius (That Is, Fibularis Tertius) Rupture (See Chapter 15)
Brachial, Radial Nerve Paralysis
Fatal Musculoskeletal Conditions on a Downer Adult Cow
Ventral Coxofemoral Luxation
Ruptured Gastrocnemius
Femoral Fracture
Vertebral Trauma and Lymphoma
Acute Systemic Inflammatory Conditions
Neurologic Deficit
Electrolyte Imbalance
Treatment and Management of a Down Cow
Stall and Stall Surface
Fluid-Replacement Therapy
Pain Control and Antiinflammatory Drugs
Antibiotic Therapy
Lifting a Cow
Physical Assistance
Lifting Straps
Hip Clamps
Inflatable Ball
Flotation Tanks/Aqua Cow
Complications
Recommended Readings
Biosecurity
Recommended Readings
Special Considerations When Working with Rescue Organizations
Recommended Readings
4 Fluid Therapy
Estimating Rehydration Needs
Choice of Solution
Fluid Therapy in Cattle with Metabolic Acidosis
Alkalinizing Solutions
Calculating Base Deficit
Electrolyte Needs
Summary
Fluid Therapy in Cattle without Metabolic Acidosis
Nonalkalinizing Solutions
Hypertonic Saline Solution
Summary
Equipment and Techniques
Intraruminal Administration
IV Administration
Recommended Readings
5 Sedation, General Anesthesia, and Analgesia
Preparation for Sedation or General Anesthesia in Farm Animals
Preparation of the Patient
Preparation of Facility and Equipment/Supplies
Sedation of Farm Animals
General Considerations
Cattle
Sheep and Goats
Swine
Intravenous Catheterization
Cattle
Sheep and Goats
Swine
General Anesthesia
Induction and Intubation
General Recommendations
Adult Cattle
Calves, Sheep, and Goats
Swine
Maintenance
Monitoring and Supportive Care
Complications
Regurgitation
Rumen Tympany
Bradycardia
Hypotension
Hypoventilation and Hypoxemia
Recovery
Analgesia
Cattle
Sheep and Goats
Swine
Local and Regional Anesthetic Techniques
Regional Anesthesia for Procedures Involving the Head
Anesthesia of the Eye
Topical Anesthesia
Anesthesia for Ophthalmic Surgery
Peterson Block.
Retrobulbar Block.
Auriculopalpebral Nerve Block.
Anesthesia for Dehorning
Anesthesia for Abdominal Surgery
Infiltration Anesthesia
Paravertebral Block
Epidural Anesthesia
Anesthesia for Perineal Surgery
Epidural Anesthesia
Anesthesia of the Foot
Anesthesia of the Udder and Teat
Ring Block
Cistern Infusion
IV Regional Anesthesia of the Teat
Recommended Readings
6 General Principles of Minimally Invasive Surgery
Laparoscopic Surgery
Laparoscopic Technique
Equipment
Preparation and Anesthesia
Pneumoperitoneum
Normal Anatomy
Right Flank
Left Flank
Ventral
Indications
Recommended Readings
Thoracoscopy
Preoperative Treatments and Surgical Preparation
Surgical Technique
Anatomic Particularity
Postoperative Treatments and Complications
Recommended Readings
7 Postoperative Management
Postoperative Analgesia
Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs
Flunixin Meglumine
Phenylbutazone
Meloxicam
Ketoprofen
Opioids
Morphine
Butorphanol
Gabapentin
Nutritional Management
Evaluation of GI Function
Gastrointestinal Fill
Dorsal and Ventral Distention on the Left with Ventral Distention on the Right
Prominent Dorsal Distention on the Left with Ventral Distention on the Right
Bilateral Ventral Distention
Gastrointestinal Motility
Ruminal Microbes
Ruminal Fluid Analysis
Transfaunation
Postoperative Feeding
Neonates
Mature Ruminants
Motility Modifiers
Motility Registration
Physiologic GI Motility
Abomasum
Small Intestine
Cecum and Proximal Loop of the Ascending Colon (PLAC)
Spiral Colon
Pathologic Motility Patterns
Intestinal Obstruction
Cecal Dilatation/Dislocation
Displacement of the Abomasum
Prokinetics in Ruminants
Bethanechol
Neostigmine
Metoclopramide
Erythromycin
Lidocaine
Recommended Readings
8 Neoplasia
Neoplasia in Farm Animalsƒgeneral overview
What Does the Pathologist Need to Get an Accurate Diagnosis?
The Role of Cytogenetics and Molecular Diagnostics in the Diagnosis
Tumors of the Skin and Soft Tissue
Papilloma and Fibropapilloma (Papillomatosis)
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Cutaneous Horn
Melanocytic Tumors
Mast Cell Tumors
Cutaneous Lymphoma
Cutaneous Vascular Tumors
Other Tumors and Tumor-like Lesions of the Skin
Cysts
Soft Tissue Tumors
Tumors of the Eye
Tumors of the Oral Cavity and Jaw
Oral Soft Tissue Tumors
Tumors of Bones of the Jaw
Tumors of the Gastrointestinal System
Esophagus
Forestomach
Abomasum/Stomach
Intestine
Pancreas
Salivary Gland
Tumors of the Respiratory Tract
Tumors of the Nasal Passages and Sinuses
Tumors of the Lung
Tumors of the Thoracic Cavity
Tumors of the Udder and Mammary Gland
Udder
Mammary Gland
Tumors of the Female Genital Tract
Tumors of the Vulva
Tumors of the Vagina and Cervix
Tumors of the Uterus
Tumors of the Accessory Sex Glands
Tumors of the Ovary
Tumors of the Male Genital Tract
Tumors of the Penis, Prepuce, and Scrotum
Tumors of the Testis
Tumors of the Kidney and Urinary Bladder
Kidney
Urinary Bladder
Tumors of the Liver and Gallbladder
Tumors of the Spleen
Tumors of the Abdominal Cavity
Tumors of Endocrine Glands
Tumors of Bone and Joint
Recommended Readings
Auxiliary Treatment of Neoplasia in Farm Animals
Recommended Readings
9 Dentistry
Anatomic Considerations
Cattle and Small Ruminants
Pigs
Common Pathology
Malocclusions
Periodontal Disease
Cattle and Small Ruminants
Pigs
Endodontic Disease
Pharyngeal Trauma
Lumpy Jaw
Oral Masses
Cattle and Small Ruminants
Pigs
Mandibular and Maxillary Fractures
Diagnosis
Oral Examination
Radiography
Treatment
Routine Care and Odontoplasty
Extractions
Cattle and Small Ruminants
Pigs
Endodontics and Vital Pulp Therapy
Intraoral Wiring and Composite Splinting
Recommended Readings
10 Surgery of the Eyes
History, Examination, Ocular Analgesia, and Eyelid Akinesia
Administering Medication to Eyes
Transpalpebral Ocular Lavage Apparatus
Diagnosis of Globe and Orbit Diseases
Congenital
Exophthalmos
Orbital Inflammation and Cellulitis
Orbital Neoplasia
General Surgical Techniques
Preparation of Periocular Tissues
Basic Ophthalmic Surgical Instrumentation
Anesthesia
Enucleation: Transpalpebral Approach
Enucleation: Subconjunctival Approach
Orbit Exenteration
Evisceration with Intrascleral Prosthesis
Surgical Treatment of Specific Conditions
Acute Head Trauma with Eye Injuries
Blunt Trauma to the Eye without Laceration or Rupture
Orbital and Periorbital Fractures
Eyelid and Membrana Nictitans Diseases
Ectropion
Entropion
Temporary Tarsorrhaphy
Reversible, Split-Lid Tarsorrhaphy (Figure 10-22)
Nasolacrimal Duct Lavage
Periocular Fat Pad Hypertrophy in Pot-Bellied Pigs
Eyelid Lacerations
Palpebral Nerve Paralysis
Eyelid Tumors
Membrana Nictitans Excision
Other Conditions Involving the Membrana Nictitans
Conjunctival and Corneal Diseases
Lacerations and Ruptures of the Cornea and/or Sclera
Corneal Foreign Bodies
Corneal Ulcers Requiring Surgical Intervention
Cataract Surgery
Recommended Readings
11 Postmortem Examination
Biosecurity and Biocontainment
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and Ergonomics
Equipment
Sampling and Ancillary Testing
PM Procedure
Recommended Reading

II Bovine (Adult)
12 Surgery of the Bovine (Adult) Integumentary System
Wounds
Wound Healing
Inflammation
Debridement
Repair
Maturation
Factors That Affect Wound Healing
Wound Management
Patient Assessment
Patient Preparation
Anesthesia
Wound Assessment
Wound Lavage
Wound Debridement
Management Options
Primary Wound Closure
Delayed Primary or Secondary Closure
Second-Intention Healing
Bandaging
Wet-to-Dry Dressings
Semiocclusive, Nonadherent Dressings
Topical Medications
Aloe Vera Extract
Triple Antibiotic Ointment
Silver Sulfadiazine
Nitrofurazone
Povidone-Iodine Ointment
Petroleum
Systemic Medication
Tetanus Toxoid
Systemic Antibiotics
Myiasis
Exuberant Granulation Tissue (Proud Flesh)
Recommended Readings
Skin Grafts
Introduction
Patient Selection
Graft Harvest
Graft Implantation
Aftercare
Outcome
Recommended Readings
Dehorning/Cornuectomy
Historical Perspective
Anatomy
Restraint
Anesthesia and Analgesia
Methods
Chemical Dehorning
Thermal Dehorning
Portable
Corded
Cutting Dehorning
Tube Dehorner
Scoop/Gouge Dehorner
Keystone
Electrically Powered
Obstetric Wire and Others
Genetic and Other
Cosmetic Dehorning
Preparation
Technique
Aftercare and Complications
Recommended Readings
Insertion of a Nose Ring
13 Surgery of the Bovine (Adult) Respiratory and Cardiovascular Systems
Diagnostics
Physical Examination
Endoscopic Examination
Imaging Examination
Recommended Readings
Nasal Obstruction
Recommended Readings
Disorders of the Paranasal Sinuses
Occurrence and Etiology
Recommended Readings
Disorders of the Nasopharynx
Occurrence and Etiology
Pharyngeal Trauma
Pharyngotomy
Retropharyngeal Mass
Pharyngeal Collapse and Swelling
Persistent Dorsal Displacement of the Soft Palate
Palatoschisis (Cleft Palate)
Preoperative Treatments and Surgical Preparation
Surgical Technique
Postoperative Treatments
Recommended Readings
Disorders of the Larynx
Occurrence and Etiology
Preoperative Treatments and Surgical Preparation
Surgical Technique
Arytenoidectomy
Postoperative Treatments and Complications
Other Surgical Approaches to Laryngeal Obstruction
Laryngeal Obstruction in Adult Cattle
Recommended Readings
Disorders of the Extrathoracic Trachea
Tracheotomy and Temporary Tracheostomy Tube
Permanent Tracheostomy
Tracheal Collapse
Tracheal Stenosis
Extratracheal Compression
Intratracheal Obstruction
Tracheal Resection and Anastomosis
Recommended Readings
Disorders of the Lungs and Pleural Cavity
Occurrence and Etiology
Management
Anesthetic Considerations for Lateral Thoracotomy
Surgical Considerations
Recommended Readings
Diaphragmatic Hernia
Recommended Readings
Disorders of the Pericardium
Lateral Thoracotomy
Sternal Thoracotomy (Median Sternotomy)
Idiopathic Hemorrhagic Pericardial Effusion
Postoperative Management
Recommended Readings
Diseases of the Vascular System: Thrombophlebitis and Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Occurrence and Etiology
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Recommended Readings
14 Surgery of the Bovine Digestive System
Surgical Diseases of the Oral Cavity
Anatomic Considerations
Diagnosis and Treatment (Dental Diseases are Covered in Chapter 9)
Lacerations
Cross-Suckling
Partial Glossectomy
Oropharyngeal Membrane
Salivary Glands
Recommended Readings
Mandibular Fractures, Osteomyelitis, and neoplasia
Mandibular Fractures
Surgical Options for Fractures
Figure-8 Wiring
Intraoral Acrylic Splinting
Screw Fixation
U Bar
Kirschner-Ehmer
Plating
Complications
Osteomyelitis
Neoplasia (see also Chapter 8)
Recommended Readings
Esophageal Surgery
Esophageal Anatomy
Clinical Signs of Esophageal Disease
Diagnosis of Esophageal Disease
Esophagoscopy
Bovine Esophageal Radiology
Surgical Considerations
Esophageal Closure
Foreign Body Obstruction
Cervical Esophagotomy
Transthoracic Esophagotomy
Esophageal Perforation or Laceration
Stricture
Nonsurgical Management
Surgical Management
Esophagomyotomy
Partial Esophageal Resection
Complete Esophageal Resection
Fenestration through a Cicatrix
Esophageal Diverticulum
Occurrence and Diagnosis
Treatment
Esophageal Fistula
Esophageal Ulceration
Megaesophagus
Recommended Readings
Approaches to the Bovine Abdomen
Anatomy
Approaches to the Abdomen
Left-Paralumbar Fossa Celiotomy
Right-Paralumbar Fossa Celiotomy
Right-Paramedian Celiotomy
Ventrolateral Celiotomy
Ventral Midline Celiotomy
Right Paracostal Approach
Left Oblique Celiotomy
Recommended Readings
Surgery of the Ruminant Forestomach Compartments
Anatomy and Physiology
Etiology and Pathogenesis
Vagal Indigestion
Cornell Classification of Vagal Indigestion in Cattle
Clinical Findings
Clinical Pathology
Medical Treatments
Surgical Treatment
Left-Flank Celiotomy
Rumenotomy with the Rumen Board or Weingarth Apparatus
Rumenotomy after Suturing the Rumen Wall to the Skin
Transruminal Exploration
Closure
Postoperative Management
Prognosis
Placement of a Commercial Rumen Fistula in Adult Cattle
Temporary Rumen Fistula
Lactic Acidosis
Recommended Readings
Surgery of the Abomasum
Introduction
Abomasal Physiology and Anatomy
Abomasal Function
Secretions
Motility
Surgical Conditions of the Abomasum
Altered Abomasal Outflow
Abomasal Displacement Syndromes
Left Abomasal Displacement (LDA)ƒ General Considerations
Definition and Incidence.
Predisposing Factors.
Stage of Lactation.
Anatomy.
Genetics.
Nutrition.
Metabolism.
Management and Environment.
Diagnosis and General Prognosis
Diagnosis.
Prognosis (general).
Treatment
General considerations.
Medical management and supportive care.
Left Abomasal Displacement (LDA): Closed Procedures
Rolling.
Preparation.
Procedure.
Posttreatment care.
Prognosis and complications.
Blind Tack/Toggle Pin.
Preparation.
Procedures.
Postoperative care.
Prognosis and complications.
Left Abomasal Displacement: Open Surgical Procedures
Right-Paralumbar Fossa (Flank) Omentopexy.
Preparation.
Approach.
Abomasal repositioning.
Omentopexy.
Prognosis and complications.
Pyloropexy with or without omentopexy.
Preparation.
Pyloropexy.
Pyloropexy with omentopexy.
Prognosis and complications.
Right-paramedian abomasopexy.
Preparation.
Procedure.
Abomasal repositioning.
Abomasopexy.
Prognosis and complications.
Left-Paralumbar Fossa (Flank) Abomasopexy.
Preparation.
Approach.
Stabilization.
Prognosis and complications.
Laparoscopic Abomasopexy
Laparoscope-Assisted Toggle Pin Procedures
Two-Step Technique
One-Step Standing Technique
One-Step Recumbent Technique
Postoperative Care
Ventral Laparoscopic Abomasopexy
Complications
Expected Outcome
Recommended Readings
Abomasal Displacement (RDA) and Volvulus (RVA) to the Right: General Considerations
Definition and Incidence
Predisposing Factors

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N° édition : seconde édition

Lieu d'édition : PHILADELPHIE

Localisation : Dawsonera (plateforme)

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