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Veterinary neuroanatomy - a clinical approach

THOMSON, Christine (Principal) ; HAHN, Caroline (Principal)

Elsevier Saunders

2012

179

9780702051982

eS-08-00

ANATOMIE ; NEUROLOGIE ; CERVEAU ; SYSTEME NERVEUX ; REFLEXE

Regional neuroanatomy
Basic systems arrangement of the nervous system
Introduction to regions
Peripheral nervous system
Autonomic nervous system
Central nervous system
Functional systems: introduction to the neurological examination
Neuroanatomy and lesion localisation

Neuroembryology
Development of the CNS
Formation of the neural tube
Development of the brain
Molecular basis of differentiation
Formation of the PNS
Malformations of the nervous system

Neurohistology, physiology and supporting structures
Neurohistology
Cells of the nervous system
Synapses
Neurophysiology
Membrane potential of excitable cells
Action potential
Myelination and nerve conduction
Synapses
Excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters
The generalised neuron
Information processing within and between neurons
Supporting structures
Meninges
The ventricular system
Cerebreospinal fluid: production and circulation
Blood supply

Hierarchical organisation in the nervous system
Overview of motor and sensory systems
Overview of motor (output) systems
Overview of sensory (input) systems
Worker and management systems
The workers and maintenance crew: The reflex arc
Junior management: Spinal cord and brainstem
Overview of the spinal cord
Senior management: Brainstem and motor cortex
UMNs and the brain
Sensory systems
Executive management: Forebrain

Reflexes and motor systems
General introduction
Spinal reflexes
Muscle spindles
The myotatic reflex
Golgi tendon organs and the inverse myotatic reflex
?-? co-activation
Muscle tone
Posture and the myotatic reflex
Reflexes in different parts of the body
Somatic motor systems
General anatomy and function
UMN: Pyramidal and extrapyramidal systems
UMN tracts
Dysfunction of UMNs and LMNs
UMN versus LMN signs
Executive motor function
Basal nuclei and corpus striatum

Ascending somatic sensory tracts and conscious sensory systems
Receptors
General proprioception
Conscious proprioception
Subconscious proprioception
Conscious and subconscious proprioception in posture and gait
Nociception
Nociceptive input from body
Nociceptive input from head
Nociceptive input from the viscera

The cerebellum
General anatomy
Cerebellar peduncles
Evolutionary and functional anatomy
Species differences
Cerebellar development in the neonatal animal
Histology of the cerebellum
Cerebellar function
Cerebellar connections
Role of cerebellum in posture, locomotion and movement: Setting the postural platform
Cerebellar dysfunction

Vestibular system
General concepts
Structural and functional anatomy
Static position, linear acceleration and deceleration of the head
Angular acceleration and deceleration of the head
Effect of stimulating the vestibular nuclei
Relationship between the vestibular apparatus and neck reflexes
Clinical dysfunction
Location of lesion and clinical signs
Paradoxical vestibular disease

Posture and movement in quadrupeds
Motor function in quadrupeds compared to primates
Integration of neural functions for locomotion and movement
Complex motor activity
Repetitive movements and central pattern generators
The final common pathway
Lesion location in the hierarchy and its clinical effect on locomotion
Orchestration of posture and movement

Cranial nerves
Functional classification of cranial nerve nuclei
Olfaction
Vision and CN II functions
General anatomy
The optic chiasm and decussation
Post-chiasmatic visual pathways
Eyeball position and movement
Oculomotor nucleus (CN III)
Trochlear nucleus (CN IV)
Abducens nucleus (CN VI)
Visual reflexes
The pupillary light reflex (PLR)
Masticatory muscle function
Sensory input from the head
Sensory nucleus of CN V
Facial expression
Audition
Auditory reflexes, and the brainstem auditory evoked response
Acoustic reflexes
Brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER)
Balance and the vestibular system
Taste and sensory input from the pharynx and viscera
Parasympathetic innervation of the eye, head and body
Parasympathetic nucleus of the oculomotor nerve
Parasympathetic nucleus of the facial nerve
Parasympathetic nucleus of the glossopharyngeal nerve
Parasympathetic nucleus of the vagus nerve
Innervation of the pharynx, larynx and oesophagus
Tongue movement

Behaviour, emotion and arousal
Behaviour and emotion
Arousal

The autonomic nervous system
Subdivisions
ANS: Central components and peripheral components
Two-neuron system in the periphery
Visceral afferent system
Sympathetic/thoracolumbar division
Parasympathetic system
Autonomic innervation of the eye
Clinical signs of sympathetic dysfunction
Elimination systems
Autonomic innervation of the urinary bladder
Urinary bladder function
Dysfunction of innervation of the urinary bladder
Defeacation

The neurological examination and lesion localization
The neurological examination
Observation versus hands-on testing
Proprioception and motor function
Cranial nerve function
Hands-on testing
Proprioception and motor function
Hopping
Paw position response (knuckling)
Identifying asymmetry in proprioceptive function
Cranial nerves
Muscle bulk and tone
Spinal nerve reflexes
Nociception
Spinal hyperpathia
Functional road map of the nervous system
Anatomical basis of the neurological examination: key points
The NeuroMap: Overview of the nervous system
Summary of functions in the neuraxis
Signs of dysfunction in different regions of the neuraxis
The NeuroMap: The spinal cord

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Lieu d'édition : SAINT LOUIS (USA)

Localisation : Dawsonera (plateforme)

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